The world is not on track to meet the 2030 global energy targets set as part of the Sustainable Development Goals, although real progress is being made in certain areas, particularly in expanding access to electricity in less developed countries and in the industrial energetic efficiency, according to a new report by five international agencies.
Renewable energy is recording impressive advances in the electricity sector, but these developments are not encompassed with the situation of these technologies in transport and heating, which together account for 80% of the global energy consumption the document prepared by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), the World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO) warns.
In a statement, IRENA says that “while global trends are disappointing, recent national experiences around the world offer encouraging signs, and there is growing evidence that with the right approaches and policies, countries can make substantial progress in clean energy and access to energy, and improve the lives of millions of people. ”
“Tracking SDG7: The Energy Progress Report” presented on Wednesday at the Sustainable Energy for All Forum, which is based on official data at the national level, is the most comprehensive document available on global progress towards achievement of global energy goals: until 2016 in the case of access to electricity and clean kitchens and until 2015 in the case of renewable energy and energy efficiency.
The Sustainable Development Goal number 7 sets for 2030, among other goals: guaranteeing access to affordable, safe, sustainable and modern energy for all by 2030, substantially increase the percentage of renewable energy and double the global rate of improvement of energy efficiency.
13% of the world’s population still live without electricity. Sub-Saharan Africa and Central and South Asia remain the areas of the world with the greatest accessibility deficits
In terms of access to electricity, the report shows that one billion people, or 13% of the world’s population, still live without electricity. Sub-Saharan Africa and Central and South Asia remain the areas of the world with the greatest accessibility deficits. Almost 87% of the world population without electricity lives in rural areas.
Looking back, we recall the report published in 2015 by the World Bank entitled “Progress Toward Sustainable Energy: Global Tracking Framework 2015″ which showed that in the world there were still 1,100 million people who lived without electricity and almost 3,000 million who cooked with polluting fuels, such as kerosene, firewood, charcoal and manure.
The number of people with access to electricity has accelerated since 2010, but needs to increase further to achieve universal access to electricity by 2030
Indeed, the number of people with access to electricity has accelerated since 2010, but needs to increase further to achieve universal access to electricity by 2030. “If current trends continue, an estimated 674 million people will still live without electricity in 2030, ” the IRENA statement warns.
The new report points out that photovoltaic self-consumption can be a solution: “Tens of millions of people now have access to electricity through solar home systems or are connected to mini-grids. However, these remain concentrated in about a dozen pioneering countries where the penetration of solar electricity can reach 5-15% of the population “.
Household air pollution from the burning of biomass for cooking and heating is responsible for around 4 million deaths per year, with women and children at greater risk
Regarding access to energy for cooking, the figure remains the same as in the 2015 report: three billion people, or more than 40% of the world’s population, do not have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels. “Household air pollution from the burning of biomass for cooking and heating is responsible for around 4 million deaths per year, with women and children at greater risk,” the statement claims. If the current trend continues, 2.3 billion people will continue to use traditional cooking methods in 2030.