The European Parliament´s aim is that less polluting vehicles circulate on roads by 2030. The draft law approved by the Chamber proposes the emissions of new passenger cars be cut by 40% by 2030 (compared to 30% proposed by the European Commission compared to the 2021 level), with an intermediate target of 20% reduction in 2025.
Manufacturers exceeding the percentages established will have to pay a fine. The money will be used by the EU for training the sector workers impacted by the changes linked to the ecological transition. Likewise, companies will be obliged to guarantee that the least polluting vehicles -the electric ones and those that emit less than 50g of CO2 per kilometer- account for 35% of the new cars and vans in 2030 (20% in 2025).
MEPs urge the European Commission to propose a mechanism for CO2 emissions measuring under real driving conditions
MEPs urge the European Commission to propose, within two years, a mechanism for measuring CO2 emissions under real driving conditions, using a portable device, similar to that recently introduced to control the amount of nitrogen oxide ( NOx). Until then, CO2 emissions must be estimated from the vehicles fuel consumption data.
The Socialist MEP José Blanco, has assured in the Plenary that “the fight against climate change is not an option, we must find the balance between the industry that generates economic activity and employment in countries like Spain, and the obligation of emissions reduction“.
Blanco has advocated for “inviting the industry to make the necessary technological changes to maintain leadership in production”
Blanco, who is a member of the Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, has advocated for “inviting the industry to make the necessary technological changes to maintain leadership in production, because we are talking about the future, our health, and therefore, making those technological changes will also mean maintaining that activity in the medium and long term. Therefore we have to comply with Paris and move towards an ambitious reduction of emissions, “he said.
The social impact of decarbonization
MEPs warn of the potential negative social consequences of the ecological reconversion in the automotive sector and advocate for promoting, especially in the worst impacted regions, the training and relocation of the workers impacted. They also urge for support for the manufacture of electric batteries within the EU.
Francesc Gambús has voted against the proposal: “we must be ambitious, but without endangering any job”
In this sense, the independent MEP within the European Popular Group Francesc Gambús has voted against the proposal and has justified it in his speech at the Plenary Session of the European Parliament: “we must be ambitious, but without endangering any job “and has asked for “realism” in setting the emission reduction objectives.
“While this 40% target in emissions reduction is better than the 45% that was initially proposed in this report -approved with narrow majorities-, I am confident that, finally, in the negotiation between the States and the European Parliament, we will get to 35% based on common sense, ” Gambús said in his explanation of vote.
“These reduction objectives will result in the destruction of 12,000 jobs in the automotive sector” Gambús said
“According to the reports of the European Commission, if we stick to these reduction targets, it will involve the destruction of 12,000 jobs in the automotive sector and will cause a social problem, especially in countries that have not yet emerged from the economic crisis “, Gambús noted and he has called the vote of the socialist and liberal groups an ” irresponsibility “.
Less polluting vehicles on the move
Transport is the only large sector in the EU whose greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow, the MEPs underline. In order to fulfill the commitments assumed by the EU within the framework of the Paris agreement in 2015 and to move towards a zero emission level by the middle of the century, the sector must accelerate its reconversion.
In parallel, the automotive market is transforming at high speed, especially with innovations in electric propulsion systems. If the European manufacturers start the transition process late, they run the risk of losing their leadership position, according to what the European Parliament noted in a press release.