The world economy has achieved a 2.6% emissions reduction in 2016, which represents a significant improvement compared to the 1% annual rate recorded until 2014. However, this reduction is still far from the annual decarbonization rate of 6.3% required to comply with the Paris Agreement.
This is reflected in the ninth edition of the “Low Carbon Economy Index: Is Paris possible?”, prepared by PwC, which shows the progress of the G20 countries in reducing their economies carbon emissions. In this report, Spain, with 5.8%, is above the world average.
This average, of 2.6%, is still very insufficient, since an annual decarbonization rate of 6.3% would be needed to meet the objective of limiting global warming below the degrees set in the Paris Agreement. The countries recording the best results in 2016 were the United Kingdom, China, Mexico and Australia.
According to the report, Spanish economy is among those that have most reduced their energy intensity. Not only in 2016, but also in the last century, its emission reduction rate -a 2.4 %- is above the world average, which was 1.4%.
In absolute terms of emissions Spain is also among the least carbonized countries, as a result, mainly, of the increase in the renewable energies portion in the national energy mix, explains PwC in a statement where it also states that, in the future, Spanish economy should focus its efforts on achieving an average annual reduction rate of 3.2% by 2030.
Precisely last Thursday, the Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment (MAPAMA), Isabel García Tejerina, has recognized the initiatives that are being put in place in Spain along with other Mediterranean countries to promote the climate action through public-private partnerships.
Spanish Platform for Climate Action
In an event held at the Bonn Climate Summit (COP 23) García Tejerina highlighted the work of the Spanish Green Growth Group, the Community for Climate initiative or the future Spanish Platform for Climate Action, which she said “are clear examples of how new public-private partnerships are essential to catalyze and accelerate the fight against climate change “.
The launch of this Platform seeks to encourage the participation and alignment of companies’ climate strategies with government actions through a cooperation framework. According to the minister, it is “a framework of public-private collaboration that we expect will serve as a catalyst for climate action and showcase to spread the action for climate at the national level and thus be able to contribute as a country to the Global Agenda of Climate Action “.
In this connection, at the XII Environmental Journalism Congress also held last November 15 and 16 at the Oceanogràfic in Valencia, a call was made for climate change to be introduced in the political agenda, with the reflection that the environment matters more to society than what is believed.
In the event, organized by the Association of Environmental Information Journalists, APIA, a session was dedicated to the ‘State of the climate change policies’, where issues related to the Law of Energy Transition and Climate Change being prepared by the Government of Spain took the stage. The experts at the table pointed out that the new regulations must “point out what the companies have to do” to help mitigate climate change; in addition to considering an external organization that would follow up on the policies that are implemented; and, above all, make the “climate governance” clear.