The ‘Climate Project’ of the Ministry for Ecological Transition has selected a macro-project for the construction of ten biomass-heating networks (district heating) in urban environments, promoted by the company DH Eco Energías. The project´s main environmental value is the reduction of almost 360,000 tons of CO2 per year, a volume similar to eliminating the pollution of some 240,000 vehicles, equivalent to the entire mobile fleet in provinces such as Burgos or Salamanca.
The signing of ten agreements by the general director of the Spanish Office of Climate Change, Valvarena Ulargui, and the CEO of the company, Teo López has reflected the support of the Ministry for the Ecological Transition to the DH Eco Energias projects. The agreements set the conditions for the purchase and sale of the verified reductions of emissions resulting from the projected heat networks through the Carbon Fund for a Sustainable Economy (FES-CO2).
The Climate Projects are aimed at reducing emissions in the diffuse sectors
The Climate Projects aim to support and encourage low carbon activities, thus enabling the Carbon Fund FES-CO2 to acquire the verified emission reductions generated by the selected projects that must contribute to achieving the targets assigned to Spain for the period 2013-2020. The Climate Projects are aimed at reducing emissions in the diffuse sectors such as transport, residential, waste, agriculture and livestock, fluorinated gases or industry not subject to the emission trading scheme (ETS).
An investment and employment macro project
The ten biomass-heating networks, with an initial estimated investment of 204 million euros and the creation of 1,335 jobs during the construction phase, will begin to develop in the cities of Ávila, Huesca, Oviedo, Palencia, Salamanca, Valladolid, Zamora and in the Madrid municipalities of Boadilla del Monte, Coslada and Leganés.
The macro project will generate heat for heating and domestic hot water -DHW- for 11,545 equivalent homes
The implementation of these ten projects will allow the supply of heat for heating and domestic hot water (DHW) to a total of 11,545 equivalent houses, whose combined energy demand exceeds 1,100 GWh per year.
Savings of up to 30%
The use of biomass as a source of renewable thermal energy is an upward trend throughout Europe, where it already represents 16% of district heating, due to the great environmental and economic advantages it offers for the user.
The average saving achieved by thermal biomass for the user ranges between 15% and 30% of the cost of diesel or gas
According to Teo López, CEO of DH Eco Energías, one of the great advantages of the use of biomass as a heat source for heating and hot water in households or in collective use buildings (hotels, schools, sports centers, work centers, etc.) has to do with “the average saving that it achieves for the user, which ranges between 15% and 30% of the cost of diesel or gas”. In addition, the thermal use of biomass has other advantages, such as the high efficiency of these facilities, almost four times higher than the individual ones, the improvement of the property energy rating, as well as the elimination of chimneys and equipment maintenance tasks. The reason of the latter is that usually a specialized company performs these activities from a management center.
Biomass-heating networks in Spain
At present 375 biomass-heating networks operate in Spain, 340 more than in 2010, located in more than 300 municipalities across the national territory. In addition, another 70 facilities are in the execution phase and will soon add to those projected by DH Eco Energías. By autonomous communities, Catalonia has the most operational heating networks (166), followed by Castilla y León (62), the Basque Country (34), Galicia (22) and the Community of Madrid (16).