83.4% of Spaniards admit climate change as a reality, and within that percentage, 94.4% attribute it to human activities, according to data from the barometer of the Center for Sociological Research (CIS) of November, as covered by La Vanguardia.
The report also reveals that the respondents consider as “little” the importance that political parties attach to this issue. The data coincide with the conclusions of previous studies conducted by Pablo Meira, a professor at the University of Santiago (commissioned by the Mapfre Foundation). All these data show that climate denial does not prevail in Spain. It is a fact: compared to the overwhelming majority of Spaniards who believe there is a climate change (83.4%), only one in ten (10%) deny it, while the rest have doubts, do not know or do not answer.
Direct human influence
Among those who are aware of the problem, 58.1% consider that the action of human beings (gases, industry, cars…) is influencing “a lot” and 35.3% “quite”. In this sense, the opinion stated in the CIS barometer shows that Spaniards trust that there is still room for action against global warming: 62.7% believe that “it can stop and reverse”, while only one of every five (21%) hold that the situation is “irreversible”.
The conviction that to stop this threat, social and energy changes are necessary also emerges from the survey. 88% believe in “a change in the functioning of our societies” and only 4.1% see no need for it (the rest do not know or do not answer).
Individual action against climate change
In the list of measures that can be adopted at a particular level to mitigate climate change, respondents prioritize three actions: recycling (glass, paper, plastics…), which is the most cited, (with 70.5%); the responsible consumption of energy in housing (57.6%), and the use of sustainable and alternative means of transport, such as public transport or bicycle (with 55.3%).
Other actions cited in the survey are the control of water consumption (53.4%), the reuse of clothing, furniture and other objects (37.9%), the installation of solar panels in homes (35.9%) and the use of electric or hybrid vehicles (32.8%), as well as moderate consumption in general (31.5%), the purchase of local and seasonal products (31.1%), and organic products (31%). In this section, out of 2,552 surveys carried out, only 3.2% of those questioned took refuge in “do not know, do not answer”.
In general, and considering the survey responses, Spaniards disagree with the statement that it is very difficult for “an ordinary person to do something to fight climate change“. Two thirds do not agree with this “defeatist” perception, while, on the contrary, almost a third (31.7%) consider it true.
According to information by La Vanguardia, 81.6% are convinced that “changing the way of life” would help to alleviate the problem, compared to 11.8% that are little or not at all in agreement with this statement.